Azadi Tower – Tehran
Azadi Tower Tehran, known before the 1979 Iranian Revolution, as the Shahiyad Tower, is the primary and one of the symbols of the city of Tehran, and in almost everywhere around the world, Iran is known by this symbol. Azadi Tower Tehran and was built by Hossein Amanat, Iranian architect in 1970. The Azadi Tower Tehran was designed as the symbol of “Modern Iran”, and was constructed to commemorate the 2500-year anniversary of the Persian Empire. This tower is located in the middle of one of the main streets of western Tehran.
Tower architecture of Azadi Tower Tehran is a combination of Achaemenid architecture, Sassanid architecture, and Islamic architecture. There are several galleries, Show halls, libraries and museums on the ground floor of the tower.
History of Azadi Tower Tehran
In the year 1966, the competition to design an Iranian symbol was held among Iranian architects. At the end of the project, the design of architect Mohammad Hossein Amanat, a 24-year-old graduate of the Faculty of Fine Arts of the University of Tehran, was selected for construction. The construction operation of the Azadi Tower began in 1969, and after twenty-eight months of work, the tower was open to the public in 1971.
At the opening celebration of this tower, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and his wife Farah Pahlavi were present, and the Cyrus’ Great Human Rights Charter (the first human rights record from Cyrus the Great, Achaemenid King) was unveiled for the first time in this place.
During the Iranian Revolution (1978), various gatherings took place in this square. After the victory of the revolution, the welcoming ceremony of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini took place in this square, and its name changed from Sha’yad Square to Azadi Square. During the revolution, slogans were written on the bases of the tower.
Every year, on the anniversary of the Islamic Revolution, Azadi Square is the site of the great gathering of the people of Tehran. Long routes of march end in Azadi Square, starting from Imam Hussain square.
Internal space of Azadi Tower Tehran
The internal designs of the tower are a combination of tradition and modernism, especially the ceiling of the second floor. At the entrance to the tower, each of the stones of the lobby doors weighs about 5.3 tonnes and are made of granite. The Azadi Tower Tehran has two elevators that go up the tower walls. The first lift passes two floors and reaches the cement roof, then the second lift is used. None of the ceilings is closed, and they all have access to a higher level.
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