Chogha Zanbil – Khuzestan
Chogha Zanbil Khuzestan is an ancient complex dating back to the Elamite empire. This complex is located in Khuzestan province of Iran and is one of the few existing Ziggurats outside of Mesopotamia.
History of Chogha Zanbil Khuzestan
Chogha Zanbil literally means “basket hill” in Farsi. This structure was built around 1250 BC by an Elamite king called Untash-Napirisha to honour Inshushinak, a great god of Elamites. The original name of this construction was “Dur Untash”, which signifies ‘town of Untash’. However, it is impossible that numerous individuals, other than clerics and hirelings lived there at any point.
In contrast to the ziggurats of Mesopotamia, the landmark in Chogha Zanbil was not developed by putting one story over another. instead, every one of the five stories of the Chogha Zanbil ziggurat ascended from the ground.
As indicated by the archaeologists researching at the site, the first sanctuary devoted to Inshushinak encompassed a square open yard. It was due to this open yard inside the sanctuary that made it feasible for the ziggurat to be developed in its one of a kind fashion.
The archaeologists, lead by “Roman Ghirshman” somewhere in the years between of 1951 and 1961, additionally announced that the remaining parts of the ziggurat estimated around 25 meters in tallness (when measured in the 1950’s). It was additionally theorized that the first ziggurat would have achieved a tallness of right around 53 meters. Moreover, the archaeologists estimated the square base of the structure likewise which was 105 meters long.
The antiquated site was found coincidentally in 1935, 16 years before archaeologists’ first presence at the site, amid an oil-seeking venture by British Petroleum.
Structure of Chogha Zanbil Khuzestan
The complex is secured by three concentric walls which characterize the principal regions of the ‘town’. The inward zone is entirely taken up with an extraordinary ziggurat committed to the main god, that was established over a previous square sanctuary with storage spaces that were also built by the order of Untash-Napirisha.
The central zone holds eleven sanctuaries for less important gods. It is trusted that 22 sanctuaries were initially arranged, yet the king passed on before they could be completely built, and his successors did not continue the work. In the external territory, there are royal residences, a funerary castle containing five underground imperial tombs.
Chogha Zanbil Khuzestan Location
Chogha Zanbil Khuzestan is located in south-western Iran in Khuzestan province and in the city of Shush. This structure is approximately 40 kilometres south-east of Shush (ancient city) and 35 kilometres west of the ancient city of Shushtar.
After driving about 15 kilometres in the Shush-Ahwaz freeway, on your right you should be able to see the “Haft Tappeh” and “Chogha Zanbil Ziggurat” sign. On the sidetrack after passing by “Haft Tappeh”, you will arrive at Chogha Zanbil. If you failed to view a sign, ask the locals for directions to the ziggurat.
If you are visiting Ziggurat from Shush, be sure to visit “Haft Tappeh” ancient area and the museum there. You can ask museum guides to explain about the ziggurat as well.
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