Pasargadae – Shiraz
Pasargadae is the name of the capital city of the Achaemenid Empire under the ruling of Cyrus the Great who ordered the construction of the town between 530-559 BC. Pasargadae is also the location of his tomb.
History of Pasargadae Shiraz
Cyrus the Great, ordered to build the Pasargadae city but he did not live to see it finishes. His son and his successor Cambyses II completed the project his father started. During Cambyses II, Pasargadae remained as the capital of the Achaemenid empire till Cambyses II moved the capital to Susa.
Later on, Darius started another great project names as Persepolis. The archaeological site area is about 1.6 square kilometres, and its structure is commonly believed to be a mausoleum of Cyrus. This area also includes a fortress of Tall-e Takht on top of a hill nearby and remains of two royal gardens and palaces.
The remainings in Pasargadae is the earliest known example of Persian Chahar Bagh (fourfold garden) design.
Tomb of Cyrus the Great
The most important monument in Pasargadae, the tomb of Cyrus the Great, is located approximately 1 kilometres southwest of palaces and gardens of Pasargadae. Greek sources indicate that this monument goes back to 559 B.C.
Tomb of Cyrus the Great is 3.17 meters long and 2.11 meters wide, with the height of 2.11 meters and has six wide steps ascending to its narrow entrance.
No substantial evidence proves this tomb belongs to Cyrus, but Greek historians believed that after Alexander destroyed Persepolis, he visited the Tomb of Cyrus the great. It is told in historical texts that as Alexander ordered “Aristobulus”, one of his warriors, to enter the monument. Inside was found a throne of gold, a table set with drinking dishes, a golden coffin, ornaments studded with precious stones, and an inscription on the tomb.
Today, Unfortunately, none of such inscription can be found, but many Iranians still visit this tomb to pay their tributes to one of the greatest emperors of Persia.
Tall-e Takht (literally translates to The Throne hill) is an excellent stone platform located on the western side of the Tall-e Takht hill. This platform is 80 meters long and 15 meters high and consists of 20 layers of massive stone blocks of up to six tons in weight.
Tall-e Takht was built with the intention of it serving as a platform for further constructions.
Today’s Pasargadae Shiraz
The Pasargadae Shiraz today is mostly known and referenced to by the tomb of Cyrus the great. Every year on 29th of October, many Iranians visit the tomb of Cyrus the great. This day was the day Cyrus the great entered Babylon and set free the Jewish prisoners and rebuilt the Temple in Jerusalem.
To visit the archaeological site of Pasargadae, you must first arrive in Shiraz. From there, you need to enter the Shiraz-Isfahan road and after almost 120 kilometres direct your way to “Madar Soleiman” village, and after nearly 4 kilometres you will arrive at Pasargadae. There are numerous tours in Shiraz to take visitors back and forth on a daily basis.
If you are planning to travel to Shiraz, you can check out a list of available treatments in below.