Takht e Soleiman – West Azerbaijan
Takht-e Soleiman or “Azar Goshnasb” is a significant historic area close to the city of Takab and Takht-e Soleiman village. It is believed that Takht-e Soleiman used to be a Parthian capital.
History of Takht-e Soleiman West Azerbaijan
This ancient city has been the habitat of populaces such as Medes, Achaemenids, Parthians, Sasanians, and Mongols. Takht-e Soleiman has been at the peak of power and civilisation of its time during every one of these eras. Nowadays Takht-e Soleiman has vanished, and there is little sign left of this once glorious city in Azerbaijan.
Takht-e Soleiman is considered as the largest educational, religious, social, and sanctuary centre in Iran before Islam; but in 624 A.D., and was destroyed during the attack of Heraclius (A Roman emperor).
Abaqa Khan, Holakou Khan’s nephew, converted to Islam and established a mosque on Takht-e Soleiman ruins. This mosque was demolished later, and only some embossed tiles are remaining that are displayed at the Reza Abbasi of Tehran.
The site of Takht-e Soleiman West Azerbaijan
Takht-e Soleiman West Azerbaijan is identified by a serene lake, remainders of “Ivan-e Khosrow”, and a Fire temple.
“Ivan-e Khosrow” (Portico of Khosrow) is the remaining of the high and glorious Portico that shines at the heart of the Takht-e Soleiman site and is regarded as the symbol of this area. This large portico was built to be used by the Sassanid kings during the ceremony in the “Azargoshb” fire temple.
The turquoise lake is made of a sprinkling spring with a depth of 120 meters in some places. However, one of the most interesting points about this spring is that the water temperature does not exceed 21° C throughout the year. Moreover, this spring, next to the Egyptian Pyramids and the Kaaba, one of the primary energy chakras on the planet.
“Azargoshb” fire temple is located at the northern side of the lake and has a “Chahar-Taaghi” (four-sided) architecture. In the middle of the structure, there is the fire altar and hallways for the worship ceremony surround it. On the right side of the “Chahar-Taaghi”, the second most important room in this fire temple is situated in which the fire was kept burning during the times of no ceremonies.
Takht-e Soleiman West Azerbaijan
As mentioned earlier, today there is not much left of this magnificent city but the remainings of the “Azargoshb” fire temple and “Ivan-e Khosrow”.
The complex of Takht-e Soleiman monuments with 12 hectares of land is one of the most important and significant historic sites in Iran. In this area, signs, and remnants of civilisations have been discovered that date back to the first millennium B.C. to the 11th century A.D.
Most of the people in this area are farmers and poulterers and rugs are of the most significant handicrafts of this area, which are known as the iron rugs and are internationally well-known. Majority of Families in Takab have based their livelihoods on rug weaving, and the hand-woven rug of this city is also a fantastic souvenir.
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