Tomb of Nader Shah – Mashhad
Tomb of Nader Shah Mashhad
Nader Shah Afshar, the mighty Iranian king, devoted himself to defeating aggressors and to regain and expand the borders of Iran.
He, whose name is well-known in history, and is known as Napoleon of the east, is resting calmly in his soil. This great man has a tomb in Mashhad, which is one of the most visited places in Iran’s tourism.
Who was Nader Shah?
In the early 1600’s A.D. in the city of Gaz, Nader Gholi was born, he was captured along with his mother at the age of 18 when he kidnapped during an Uzbek offensive in Kharazm. After escaping from captivity, he went to the service of the ruler of Abiverd in Khorasan and controlled several districts of Khorasan and called himself “Nader Gholi Beik”.
After the assassination of Shah Sultan Hussein, Nader joined forces with Shah Tahmasb II, and became the commander of his army and successfully seized Khorasan. Then he went to war with the Afghans and defeated them and entered the war with foreign enemies; they also managed to ride the Russians away from the north.
In honour of Imam Ja’far Sadiq (the sixth Imam of Shi’a), he ordered Shi’a as the official religion in Iran. In the Battle of Karnal, he defeated the Indians and seized Delhi.
Nader returned to Iran with plenty of riches from India, a wealth that was ten times more than the highest annual income of the Safavid era. This great king was very spleenful at the end of his life so far that he blinded his son.
Eventually, he was assassinated in one of the Khorasan wars by his commanders.
History of the Tomb of Nader Shah Mashhad
Nader Shah ordered that a small shrine is built in Bala Khiaban Mashhad. In 1732, adjacent to the Chahar Bagh Shahi and opposite the shrine of Imam Reza, a monument was constructed of clay and mud. At the end of the Qajar era, Ghvam-al-Saltanne built a new tomb for Nader Shah and ordered his bones to be transferred from Tehran to the new monument.
In the year 1957, engineer Seyhoun was asked to design a suitable shrine for this king. The following year, the construction of this tomb began, and in 1964, with the presence of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, this new tomb was reopened by the National Society for Iranian Art in Naderi Gardens.
Design and architecture of the Tomb of Nader Shah Mashhad
The design is based on two squares and triangles. The building has a tomb-house, two museums, one of which is for weapons of Nader Shah and another one is dedicated to pre-Nader weapons. A high ranger is also built in the complex to put a statue of the horseback riding of Nader Shah, referring to his troops.
The square shaped hall consists of two red stone walls and is formed in the open pillar section, which has Nader Shah’s tombstone in the corner of this square, in a shelter of two walls and looking outward.
The materials of this building are from rough and hard rocky granite of Mashhad.
Moreover, in essence, the covering of the tomb resembles the nomadic tent, where the life of Nader Shah began and ended. The monument is surrounded by a garden that is surrounded by a community hall and a library, and a greenhouse that was built in harmony with the construction of the tomb.
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