Tomb of Saadi – Shiraz
Tomb of Saadi in Shiraz, South of Iran, aka “Saadieh” is the burial ground of Saadi, a prominent Persian poet. This tomb is designed by architect “Mohsen Foroughi”.
Who is Saadi?
“Abū-Muhammad Muslih al-Dīn bin Abdallāh Shīrāzī” better known as Saadi, is one of the greatest Persian poets who was born in 1209 A.D. in Shiraz. He is mostly valued for his quality of writings and the extent of his social and moral thoughts.
Saadi is broadly identified as one of the most significant poets of the classical literary, making him worthy of the “Master of Speech nickname among Persian intellectuals.
Works of Saadi
Saadi’s most fabled works are Bustan (The Orchard) and Gulistan (The Rosegarden). Bustan which was completed in 1257, is composed of stories competently picturing the standard virtues recommended to Muslims (justice, liberality, modesty, contentment) and contemplation on the behaviour of dervishes and their rapturous traditions.
Gulistan which was completed in 1258, is mainly written in prose and encompassed tales and personal narratives. The text is a mixture of a diversity of short poems that contain sayings, advice, and witty deliberations, exhibiting Saadi’s keen knowledge of the human existence absurdity. In this book, the fate of those who rely on the inconstant temper of kings is compared to the freedom the dervishes enjoy.
The History of Tomb of Saadi Shiraz
The Tomb of Saadi Shiraz is located at the very end of “Bustan” street and right next door to “Delgosha” garden at the foothill on the eastern side of Shiraz. Around the tomb, exist other graves of those who were buried there, according to their will. Among those, “Shouride Shirazi” can be mentioned whos gravesite is connected to Saadi’s tomb via a portico.
This location was initially Saadi’s monastery in which he spent the last years of his life and was buried in the same place after he passed. For the very first time, a tomb was built over the burial ground by “Muhammad Saheb Divani” around 1282 A.D.
According to a report by “Ibn Battuta” (which is written almost 35 years after Saadi had deceased and is the oldest report of The Tomb of Saadi available), people visiting the Tomb of Saadi washed their clothing in the marble pools. People of Shiraz believed that washing in this water was remedial.
Tomb of Saadi Shiraz Architecture
Iranian modernist architecture, “Mohsen Foroughi” designed this tomb with the cooperation of “Ali Akbar Sadeghi” in 1951. The architecture of the tomb of Saadi is inspired by traditional Iranian architectural elements.
The structure is built with Iranian style and consists of 8 columns each covered with brown coloured stones which are located at the front of the tomb. The structure itself is decorated with white stones and tiles and seems cubic from outside perspective. However, it is designed octagonally from the inside completed with marble walls and an azure dome.
The main building of the tombs consists of two perpendicular porticos in one of which Saadi’s burial is located. The tombstone is placed in the middle of the octagonal building the ceiling of which is ornamented with great azure tiles.
This whole structure of the Tomb of Saadi Shiraz is located in the middle of a beautiful and serene garden that you can enjoy as well.
If you are planning to travel to Shiraz, you can check out a list of available treatments in below.