Bagh Melli – National Garden – Tehran
Bagh Melli (The National Garden) known as a historical and governmental complex in Tehran. Throughout its history, the Bagh Melli has different names and usage. To give you an idea, not very long time ago, it was called the Parade Square where it used to be a military shooting range amid the Qajar era. Later on, for a brief period, it becomes an open location for the public. Not very long time ago it was hosting important government offices with museums.
History of Bagh Melli National Garden Tehran
Bagh Melli National Garden Tehran was first built as a shooting practice range, amid the ruling of the Qajar Dynasty. At the time, it was utilized for the military battalion, and the Cossacks rehearsed military procession in it. The range was then created amid the ruling of Nasser-ed Din Shah, with another building named Cossack House, which was to some degree changed amid the ruling of Mozaffar ed Din Shah.
During Reza Shah of the Pahlavi Dynasty, the range was moved toward a cutting-edge open park for a brief period, and the reputed gate of the compound was constructed by Mirza Mehdi Khan Shaghaghi (Momtahen od Dowle) before the beginning of World War II. Finally, important government structures were worked around the compound, for example, the “Police House” (or the “Shahrbani House”) which was built for Shahrbani, an establishment in charge of keeping up security in the city.
Structure of Bagh Melli National Garden Tehran
This square that encompasses the main soldier house is limited to “Sarhang Sakhaei” street from the north, “Ferdowsi” street from the east, “30 Tir” street from the west, and “Imam Khomeini” street from the south.
Current buildings of Bagh Melli National Garden Tehran include Post Office (Including Museum of Communication), The State Police Chief (Current Police), the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the National Museum of Iran (Museum of Ancient Iran), the National Library and Museum of Malek, the Office of the State Register of Documents and Property, and then the first building of National Oil Company (current building No. 3 of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs). The National Garden gate is located between the Post Office (at the current position of the Ministry of Communications Museum) and the former National Oil Company (Building No. 3 of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs) and the entrance to the United Nations Street from Sepah Street (Imam Khomeini Street). Antoine Sorougin’s, a creative and well-known photographer, was located at Alaoddoleh Avenue, south of Mashgh Square.
Building number 9 of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (in the past the “Police House”), the University of Art (previously the “Cossack House”), Malek National Museum, Post and Communication Museum, and the National Museum are arranged in the compound.
Visiting Bagh Melli National Garden Tehran
You can use the Metro to go to the Bagh Melli National Garden Tehran. Just take the train from Imam Khomeini Metro Station and depart from the metro station to the west, and after five minutes walk, you will arrive at the Bagh Melli National Garden Tehran, which will be on your right.
If you are planning to travel to Tehran, you can check out a list of available treatments in below.