Constitution House of Tabriz
The Constitution House of Tabriz is a historic mansion located near Tabriz Great Bazaar. During the years leading to the Constitutional Revolution in Iran (1905-1911) and afterwards, this house was the main gathering place for the leaders, activists, and advocates of the constitution movements.
The Constitutional Revolution
The Constitutional Revolution was a movement against the monarchy of the Shah and restructuring the power of Shah when it comes to deciding for the country behalf of the people. The revolution led to the institution of a parliament in Iran during the Qajar Dynasty.
The constitution was signed by Mozaffar al-Din Shah Qajar, who passed shortly after. However, the Shah who replaced him (Mohammad Ali Shah) terminated the constitution and with the Russian and British support bombarded the parliament.
The Constitution House of Tabriz was the major hub for gathering and formation of the constitution in Tabriz. Later on, the central government had a failed attempt to stop this movement by surrounding the house with the assistance of foreign aids including Russians for 11 months. However, the pro-constitution demonstrations spread from Tabriz to other cities including Tehran. At the result, the constitution and parliament were re-established in 1909.
The History of Tabriz Constitution House
The house once again became historically significant right after World War II when Azerbaijan’s Democrat Party held meetings inside it (1946-1947). The Constitution House of Tabriz was registered by the Iranian Cultural Heritage organisation in 1975.
The Constitution House of Tabriz is a symbol of fighting tyranny and is a memento of struggles tolerated by the Iranian Constitutional Movement figures.
The most intriguing part of the Constitution House of Tabriz is the skylight and hallways decorated with mirrors and traditional coloured glasses. The windows are floor to ceiling with reticular windows that diffuse colours of the glasses all over the interior.
The unique decoration of the house takes you to a century back. Upon entering into the Constitution House of Tabriz, you will notice a charming courtyard to which the pool and landscaping have given a serene ambience.
The first floor of the house is currently used as a museum showing a list of items from Iranian revolutionaries, including weapons, announcements, printing machines, and numerous historical photos. Another interesting aspect displayed in this museum is the active role of brave women in the constitution movement.
The Constitutional House of Tabriz is located in front of Jame’ Mosque of Tabriz on Rasteh Koocheh Street. It is accessible through Motahari St. and after having travelled through the past in a historical house, Visiting Tabriz Bazaar is a must.
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