Imam Reza Shrine – Mashhad
Imam Reza Shrine Mashhad is the first destination of religious tourism in Iran, which hosts more than 20 million tourists annually.
The city of Mashhad or Mashhad-e-Reza is the site of the martyrdom of the eighth Shiites Imam, which was martyred by Mamoun of the caliphs of the time. It is quite clear that the city has formed due to this tomb, which after the burial of Imam Reza and passage of centuries, has gained a significant reputation and is considered as the primary destination of religious tourism in Iran.
The industry, which has boosted the country’s economy and business development in the market, and the officials have created massive development plans in this city during the next ten years to achieve significant advancement in religious tourism. The significance of Mashhad, as a hub of religious tourism, has raised not only in the country but also in the Middle East and the Muslim world.
History of the Imam Reza Shrine Mashhad
Considering the historical documents and written history as well as the history recorded in the shrine inscriptions, the construction of the shrine seems to have been carried out gradually over the course of the years, for us to be able to witness such a holy site. It is written in these inscriptions that the construction of the shrine was carried out from the time of the ruling of the Samanids to the Qajar era. In the year 818 and after the martyrdom of Ali Bin Musa-al Reza (the 8th Imam of Shiites), his body was buried inside a large and very respectable house owned by one of the Governors of Tous, near the grave of Haroon-Rasheed, known as the Aarone monument.
The development of the Imam Reza Shrine Mashhad was carried out in different periods of history, until finally, during the rule of the Seljuks, the most significant symbol of the city of Mashhad, the dome of the shrine was built and placed atop it.
The architecture of the Imam Reza Shrine Mashhad
The architecture carried out in the Imam Reza Shrine Mashhad was of particular importance during the rule of the Safavids. In the late 1400s, gold coverage of the dome, minars, and porch Amir Alishir was carried out by order of Shah Tahmasb Safavid. The vaults of the monastery, the dome of Allah Verdi Khan, the chambers, the development of the Revolutionary Court, the eastern, northern, and western wings, and porches were built during the Safavid period.
In other periods, such as during the rule of the Afsharians and Qajars, other sections were added to the shrine, and more extensive decorations were created at Imam Reza’s court.
Accessing the Imam Reza Shrine Mashhad
The southern path to the Shrine: The streets of Imam Reza and Shahid Andrzego
On this route, after passing through the entrance of Bab al-Reza (Imam Reza street) and Bab al-Jawad (Shahid Andrzegou or Khosravi No Street), both reach the Razavi large courtyard.
Eastern path to the Shrine: From Navab Safavi entrance to Sheikh Haramali
There are two routes to the holy shrine through Navab Street after crossing the entrance points.
The northern path to the Shrine: Tabrasi street, Sheikh Tabarsi Entrance
The path to the shrine is straightforward and has many fans.
Western Route to the Shrine: Shirazi Street Sheikh Tusi Entrance
From here you can visit the shrine via two paths.
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