Persepolis – Shiraz
The Persepolis Shiraz complex consists of palaces of the Achaemenid emperors; it was built in 512 BC, by order of Darius the first of the great kings of the Achaemenid dynasty, and after him, Xerxes king (son of Darius I) and Ardeshir I (grandson Dariush), continued building it.
History of Persepolis Shiraz
According to the documents of the inscriptions left from ancient Iran, the construction of the huge Persepolis complex lasted between 120 to 150 years. This great Persian construction is located on the slopes of Mount Rahmat (Mount Mehreh) near Shiraz and was registered at 1979 as a UNESCO world heritage site.
According to archaeological findings, the oldest part of Persepolis dates back to 518 BC. As it has been mentioned in various historical sources, the construction of Persepolis began about 25 centuries ago on the western slopes of Mount Rahmat or Mitra or Mehr, at the time of Darius the Great, and then his successors continued the construction adding changes to its original structure. Based on the clay inscription found in Persepolis, during the construction of this magnificent complex, architects, artists, masters, workers, men, and women participated in huge numbers, who in addition to receiving a salary, also used the benefits of labour insurance.
One of the most amazing architectural features in Persepolis is that the ratio of the height of the doors to the width of them and the ratio of the height of the columns to the distance between the two columns is equal to the golden ratio. The golden ratio is a significant proportion in geometry that is adapted from nature. It represents the art of ancient Persians in architecture.
The Architecture of Persepolis Shiraz
As previously mentioned, Persepolis Shiraz was built by order of Darius the Great. This great construction is made up of several palaces, which were regarded as the residence of the Achaemenid kings. Under the order of Darius, the creators of this building cut off the hard alpinism at a size of 300 by 450 meters and filled the holes and curves with the pebbles.
This way, the entire surface of the rock was prepared uniformly and flatly to set the room for construction of the Persepolis buildings. The central part of the cliff is 18 meters above the plain, and its inner parts are made from natural stone, and its outer parts are cut rocks. It would seem that the construction of underground rifts to guide flooding from the mountains was the first action taken by the architects of the construction.
Why visit Persepolis Shiraz?
Persepolis Shiraz is one of the world’s most impressive historical monuments. It is a commemoration of the world’s largest empire. It is mentioned as the most important work of the Achaemenids. Persepolis Shiraz has hosted many celebrations throughout history. Architecturally and structurally, it is a masterpiece in the world. Many consider it the most significant and most popular ancient Iranian art. In many posters, designs, and motifs, elements of this complex are used as a symbol of Iran.
Visit Persepolis Shiraz
This ancient monument is located on a mountain range called Mount Rahmat. Marvdasht is located on the Shiraz to Isfahan road, at a distance of 40 kilometres away from Shiraz. Marvdasht is about 930 km from Tehran. Follow the 7 km Perspolis road at the north of the city to arrive at Persepolis Shiraz.
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