Pol-e Sefid – Ahvaz
The suspended bridge or Pol-e Sefid Ahvaz (the white bridge) symbolizes the city of Ahvaz. Karun River divides the city of Ahvaz into two parts: East and West. Pol-e Sefid Ahvaz, the fourth suspended bridge of the world and the first suspended bridge of Iran, is one of the 8th bridges that cross the Karun river and connects two parts of the city.
History of Pol-e Sefid Ahvaz
The construction of Pol-e Sefid Ahvaz began in 1933. At that time, the only bridge built on the Karun River was a railroad bridge known as the Black Bridge, connecting the entire railroad to the port of Imam Khomeini (the port of Shapur of that time). In 1933, the contract for the construction of the bridge was signed between Mirza Ali Khan Mansour, Iran’s Minister of Transportation, and Oscar Lindal, representative of a Swedish company. The cost of building a suspended bridge was estimated at 5 million 780 thousand Rials, which was paid by the National Bank of Iran. The materials and supplies of the bridge were handed over to the contractor after the official approval of the Iranian Embassy in Sweden.
In October 1933, the location of the bridge over Karun was determined. A German engineer, along with his wife, was in charge of the construction of the bridge.
By July 1934, the construction of the pillars of the suspended bridge was completed. The work was well ahead and then came the time to install the bridge’s second crescent. The British, who worked at the oil company at that time, had given equipment to the constructor of the bridge that was used to install the arches of the bridge. Just when came time to install the arches, the British took back the crane and the equipment. The project was forced to stop and the German engineer passed during this time.
Fortunately, his wife was not disappointed and continued to build the bridge. With basic equipment that was available at that time, she mounted a second arc on the bridge skeleton. And so the suspended bridge was ready to be exploited.
Specifications of Pol-e Sefid Ahvaz
The Pol-e Sefid Ahvaz is all metal and is planned on a concrete base. The length of the bridge is 20.5 meters, its width is 8.9 meters and its height is 13 meters. The bridge has two concrete arches of 12 and 20 meters on its base and has two sidewalks. There are two large openings of 136 and 130 meters in length. All parts of The Pol-e Sefid Ahvaz are connected with bolts and nuts. At the time of construction, the useful life of this bridge was announced for 50 years.
Reconstruction of Pol-e Sefid Ahvaz
Since the useful life of the bridge was 50 years old, in 2010 the reconstruction of Pol-e Sefid Ahvaz was put on the agenda. The welding of joints and worn parts, concrete, flooring, sandblast, fence construction, and painting of bridge were the plans of Ahvaz Municipality. Pol-e Sefid Ahvaz was registered as one of the Iranian historical monuments in the year 1999.
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