Ferdowsi’s Tomb in Mashhad
Tomb of Ferdowsi Mashhad located in Mashhad (North East of Iran) is a complex consisting of a marble base and an accessory structure built in honour of Ferdowsi, a great Persian poet. This tomb is located in Tus, Iran and was built during the early 1930’s by Reza Shah Pahlavi.
Who is Ferdowsi?
Ferdowsi is a Persian epic poet who was the reciter of Shahnameh, Iran’s national epic. Some credit Ferdowsi as the most significant Persian language poet, who has a worldwide reputation.
Ferdowsi was a farmer and was born in a farmer family. He started his life during the Samanid era and concurrent with independence and identity movement among Iranians. The Samanid kings supported the Persian language and therefore, created a glorious age to nurture Iranian language and thought. Ferdowsi was one of the greatest poets who contributed in the same nurturing of the Persian language.
History of Tomb of Ferdowsi in Mashhad
When Ferdowsi passed away, since he was a follower of Shia school of Islam, he was not permitted to be buried in the cemetery. So he was buried in his garden in Tus, near Mashhad. While the Tomb of Ferdowsi Mashhad has been destroyed many times, it was rebuilt and restored by his admirers.
His present tomb was established during Reza Shah time as indicated by the engineering style of Achaemenid period. Lovely white marble stone made a decent place as Ferdowsi sepulchre.
Tomb of Ferdowsi Mashhad Architecture
Inside the tomb structure, you would see a number of his heavenly ballads inscribed on the walls. With these highlights, Tomb of Ferdowsi takes after the tomb of Cyrus The Great. A pleasant pool mirroring the daylight is situated before the tomb and makes the place more wonderful. A statue of Ferdowsi is also introduced there to respect his exertion in offering life to the Persian language.
The primary form of the tomb is rectangular with a sizeable garden resembling the Chahar Bagh Street in Isfahan (or Chaharbagh meaning four gardens in Persian).
In the focal point of the cross made by the legs of the garden around the tomb, there is a building made of primarily white marble. The structure can be partitioned into a “wide chamber” that lies at the base with a cubical erection atop, having four columns encompassing it. Scenes from the epic of Shahnameh and poems embellishing it. The body of the poem is buried in the centre of the wide rectangular chamber underneath the overlying four columns. 12 steps connect the lowest point of the vast hall all the way to the top of the cube.
A remarkable element of the structure of Ferdowsi’s tomb has been its similarity to that of Cyrus The Great which is comparable in Pasargadae. Cyrus’ tomb likewise has a rectangular structure seating on a square, continuously raising base. This likeliness is purposeful as the planner of this building proposed to renounce the first Achaemenid style of design.
If you are planning to travel to Mashhad, you can check out a list of available treatments in below.